Uttar Pradesh has a Solar energy potential of 22300 MW capacity, which the State intends to harness to meet the energy requirements of the State and to achieve Solar Power generation target fixed by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India of 10700 MW (inclusive of target of 4300 megawatt fixed for Solar Rooftop projects) till 2022.
Solar energy deployment in the state will attract investments creating many jobs in the state. The solar industry provides both one-time jobs during pre-commissioning/ construction phase and regular operations and maintenance positions over the life of the project. Investments in the solar industry as well as domestic manufacturing of solar panels will help create direct and indirect employment opportunities in both skilled and unskilled sector.
The state nodal agency (SNA) which is entrusted to administer this responsibility is UPNEDA (Uttar Pradesh New & Renewable Energy Development Agency).
Possible Solar PV Energy Options in Uttar Pradesh: –
Utility Scale Solar Power Projects (SPP)
Utility scale grid-connected solar power projects based on both Photo Voltaic (PV) as well as Solar Thermal technologies in which the following projects will be included:
- Projects set up for sale of power to Uttar Pradesh Electricity Distribution company
- Projects set up for sale of power to third parties within the State or outside the State
- Projects set up for 100% captive use/ Group captive use or to sell part generation to Electricity Distribution Company or Third party.
Solar Rooftop Projects
State shall encourage the development of solar rooftop projects to meet the target of 4300 MW capacity fixed for the State by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India by year 2022.
Major Programmes Under Off Grid Solar
Installation of Off Grid applications like Solar Street Lights and Solar Water Pumps for irrigation purpose on subsidy in State will be encouraged. Government of Uttar Pradesh will encourage off grid applications in rural areas of the State.
Lohia Rural Housing Program at the Solar Power Pack
Under Lohia Housing Scheme for the BPL families, the Uttar Pradesh (UP) state Government offers to houses a solar power pack consisting of 120-watt solar module and 120 ampere hour tubular plate capacity battery. Whereby each house is being provided with 2 luminaries of 3 watts, one luminary of 5 watts, a DC ceiling fan of 25-watt and a mobile charging point for mobile charging and this will be able to operate the above equipments for up to 8 hours per day and shall have a separate back-up of 2 days. The task of comprehensive warranty for up to 5 years of Power Pack operation is done by the supplier firm.
Solar Street Light
A Solar Street Light (LED based) consist of white LED luminary of maximum 12-Watt (LED + Driver) as per configuration along with solar PV (SPV) modules of 75 Wp at 16.4 +0.2 Volt under STC. Module Voc minimum of 21 V. and battery of capacity 2 V, 75 AH @ C/10,Min DOD 75%, necessary control electronics-inter connecting wires / cables, module mounting structures etc. to operate the load for dusk to dawn.
Solar High Mast
A Solar Street Lighting Systems consist of 04 nos. of white LED luminary of maximum 18 Watt (LED + Driver) as per configuration along with solar PV module (04 numbers of 110Wp) and battery 12 V, 100 Ah X 4 nos., necessary control electronics-inter connecting wires / cables, module mounting structures etc. to operate the luminary for dusk to dawn with Supply, installation, commissioning and 5 years Warranty with comprehensive maintenance of Complete Solar LED HIGH MAST Lighting System.
The agency is implementing solar RO water plant project to provide safe drinking water in state primary schools. Under this project, 1.1 kW Solar Power Plants are being set up at primary schools and 05 fans, 01 D.C. submersible pump and 01 R.O. Water plant of 50 liters per hour capacity are being operated.
Solar pump is a useful device for irrigation. It works during day time and consumes no electricity or any fuel. On a sunny day discharge output of this pump is 1.40 lac liters (Maximum). When photovoltaic modules are exposed to sun it generates D.C. Power and with this power a pump operates.
Under this policy, subsidy will be provided for the projects installed in villages identified by the Government. However Mini Grid projects can be set up in any self-identified village on without subsidy. The Power generated from Mini Grids Plants will be supplied for the domestic, commercial and industrial uses in the villages.
Solar City Program
Solar City program is being implemented by the MNRE, Government of India in identified cities to reduce 10 per cent consumption of power by use of renewable energy sources with their conventional energy needs and through energy efficiency. In addition to the above other objectives of the scheme are- to empower urban local bodies to face the energy challenges in urban areas, to assess the current energy situation, to help them prepare master plan by including the future demand and action plan, capacity building for urban local bodies and to spread awareness about energy among all sections of our society and implement sustainable energy options through public-private partnerships.
Under the solar city in Uttar Pradesh, cities of Agra, Moradabad and Allahabad have been identified and under the Green Campus scheme Dayalbagh, Agra has been selected.
Special Area Demonstration Program (SADP)
The Special Area Demonstration Program (SADP) scheme has been launched by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India for wide publicity of renewable energy sources like, solar energy, bio-energy, wind energy and Small Hydro power etc.
Under the scheme, renewable energy plants like solar power plants has been installed at Raj Bhawan Lucknow and at Collectorate buildings of the Districts-Gazhipur, Balrampur, Muzaffar Nagar, Baghpat, Saharanpur, Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Agra, Bareilly and Jaunpur.
Remote Village Electrification Programme
Under this program, the villages/majras, where electrification through normal grid cannot be done by the State Power Corporation Limited due to certain reasons, are being electrified through solar lighting (solar home light and solar street lights).